Zucchini is very easy to cultivate in temperate climates. As such, it has a reputation among home gardeners for overwhelming production. The part harvested as “zucchini” is the immature fruit, though the flowers, mature fruit, and leaves are eaten as well. One good way to control overabundance is to harvest the flowers, which are an expensive delicacy in markets because of the difficulty in storing and transporting them. The male flower is borne on the end of a stalk and is longer-lived.
While easy to grow, zucchini, like all squash, requires plentiful bees for pollination. In areas of pollinator decline or high pesticide use, such as mosquito-spray districts, gardeners often experience fruit abortion, where the fruit begins to grow, then dries or rots. This is due to an insufficient number of pollen grains delivered to the female flower. It can be corrected by hand pollination or by increasing the bee population.
Closely related to zucchini are Lebanese summer squash or kusa (not to be confused with cushaw), but they often are lighter green or even white. Some seed catalogs do not distinguish them. Various varieties of round zucchinis are grown in different countries under different names, such as “Tondo di Piacenza” in Italy and “Ronde de Nice” in France. In the late 1990s, American producers in California cultivated and began marketing round yellow and green zucchini known as “8-ball” squash (the yellow ones are sometimes known as “1-ball” or “gold ball”). White zucchini (summer squash) is sometimes seen as a mutation and can appear on the same plant as its green counterpart.
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