Austrian winter peas do best on loam or clay loam soils that are well-drained. Soil should also be tested and the pH adjusted to a range of 6.0 to 7.0. When planted as a stand-alone crop, winter peas do not require much nitrogen because, as legumes, they are able to fix their own nitrogen from the soil. For this reason, your soil test recommendations will likely call for less nitrogen than you expected, which means a lower fertilizer bill!
While Austrian winter peas can be planted in a pure stand for a quick and attractive bowhunting food plot, unless the area planted is quite large the crop might not survive heavy grazing and be productive later in fall. They are better able to withstand overbrowsing when planted in a blend with other annuals like cereal grains.